Seaweed Intensive Pond Cultivation

Curriculum Vitae
Michael Friedlander



1937    Born in U.S.S.R.    Marital status: Married


University Eduction and Additional Training

1963-1965     B.Sc. in Agriculture at the Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem.

1965-1968     M.Sc. in Plant Physiology at Tel-Aviv University .
                      Title: Effect of albumine on partial reactions in photosynthesis.

1970-1976      Ph.D. in Plant Physiology at Weizmann Inst. of Science.
                       Title: Research on hormonal regulation of sex expression in Cucurbitaceae.

1976-1977      Postdoctoral position at Weizmann Inst. of Science
Subject: Drought resistance in wheat.

1982-1983      Sabbatical leave at Univ. of South Florida , Tampa , with Prof. C. Dawes.
                       Subject: Ecophysiology of Gracilaria.


Positions held and Academic Status

1977-1984       Lecturer at the Botany Dept., Tel-Aviv Univ.

1984-2004       Senior Scientist, Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research, Haifa.

1991-1994       Head of Marine Biology Dept., Israel Ocean. & Limnol. Res., Haifa.

2001-               Member of the International Seaweed Association Council.


Relevant Publications

  • Weinberger, F., M. Friedlander and W. Gunkel.  1994.  A bacterial facultative parasite of Gracilaria conferta.  Dis. Aquatic Org. 18: 135-141.

  • Friedlander, M., and I. Levy.  1995.  Cultivation of Gracilaria in outdoor tanks and ponds. J. Appl. Phycol. 7: 315-324.

  • Friedlander, M., Y. Gonen, Y. Kashman, and S. Beer.  1996.  Gracilaria conferta and its epiphytes. 3. Allelopathic inhibition of the red seaweed Ulva cf. lactuca.  J. Appl. Phycol. 8: 21-25.

  • Friedlander, M., N. Weintraub, A. Freedman, J. Sheer, Z. Snovsky, J. Shapiro and G. Kissil. 1996.  Fish as potential biocontrollers of Gracilaria culture.  Aquaculture 145: 113-118.

  • Weinberger, F., H.-G. Hoppe and M. Friedlander.  1997.  Bacterial induction and inhibition of a fast necrotic response in Gracilaria conferta.  J. Appl. Phycol. 9: 277-285.

  •  Israel, A., M. Friedlander. 1998. Inorganic carbon utilization and growth abilities in the marine red macroalga Gelidiopsis sp. Israel J. of Plant Sciences. 46: 117-124.Weinberger, F., M. Friedlander and H.-G. Hoppe.  1999.  Oligoagars elicit a  physiological response in Gracilaria conferta.  J. Appl. Phycol. 35: 747-755.

  •  Israel,A., Katz, S., Dubinsky,Z., Merrill, J. and Friedlander, M. 1999.  Photosynthetic inorganic carbon utilization and growth of Porphyra linearis.  J. Appl. Phycol. 11: 447-453.

  •  Israel, A., M. Martinez-Goss and M. Friedlander.  1999.  Effect of salinity and pH on growth and agar of  Gracilaria tenustipitata var. liui in laboratory and outdoor cultivation.  J. Appl. Phycol. 11: 543-549.

  • Weinberger, F., and M. Friedlander.  2000.  Endogenous and exogenous elicitors of a hypersensitive response in Gracilaria conferta (Rhodophyta). J. Appl. Phycol. 12: 139-145.

  • Katz, S., Z. Dubinsky, Z. Kizner and M. Friedlander.  2000.  Response of Porphyra linearis to environmental factors under controlled cultured conditions.  J. Appl. Phycol. 12: 535-542.

  • Weinberger, F., and M. Friedlander.  2000.  Response of Gracilaria conferta to oligoagars results in defense against agar degrading epiphytes.  J. Phycol. 36:1079-1086.

  • Dawes, C.J., B.W. Teasdale and M. Friedlander.  2000.  Cell wall structure of the agarophytes Gracilaria tikvahiae and G. cornea and penetration by the epiphyte Ulva lactuca.  J. Appl. Phycol. 12: 567-575.

  •  Friedlander, M., Y. Kashman, F. Weinberger and C.J. Dawes.  2001.  Gracilaria and its epiphytes: 4. The response of two Graclaria species to Ulva lactuca in a bacteria limited environment.  J. Appl. Phycol. 13: 501-507.

  • Friedlander, M.  2001.  Inorganic nutrition in pond cultivated Gracilaria conferta: Nitrogen, phosphate and sulfate. J. Appl. Phycol. 13: 279-286.

  • Weinberger, F., C. Richard, B. Kloareg, Y. Kashman, H. Hoppe and M. Friedlander.  2001. Structure-activity relationships of oligoagar elicitors towards Gracilaria conferta.  J. Phycol. 37: 418-426.

  • Levi, B. & Friedlander, M. 2004. Identification of two putative adhesive polypeptides in Caulerpa prolifera rhizoids using an adhesion model system. J. of Appl. Phycol. 16: 1-9.

  • Israel, A., J. Gavrieli, A. Glazer and M. Friedlander.  2005. Utilization of flue gas from a power plant for tank cultivation of the red seaweed.  Gracilaria cornea. Aquaculture. 249: 311-316.

  •  Friedlander, M., M., Kosov Y., Keret, G. and Dawes, C. 2006. Production of rhizoids by Caulerpa prolifera in culture.  Aquatic Botany. 85:263-266.

  • Israel A, Levy I. and M. Friedlander.  2006. Experimental tank cultivation of Porphyra in Israel.  J. Appl. Phycology 18: 235-240.

  • Boulus A., Spaneir E. and M. Friedlander.  2007. Effect of outdoor conditions on growth rate and chemical composition of Gelidium crinale in culture.  J. of Appl. Phycol. 19: 471-478.

  • Friedlander, M.  2008. Review: Advances in cultivation of Gelidiales. J. of Appl. Phycol. 20: 451-456.

  • Friedlander, M.  2008. Israeli R & D activities in seaweed cultivation. Israel J. of Plant Sciences 56:15-28.


Research experience

In the research frame of Eco-physiology of seaweeds I studied the following major subjects: pond cultivation technology of Gracilaria, Ulva and Porphyra; interaction between Gracilaria growth conditions and agar yield and quality; interactions between Gracilaria and pathogenic bacteria; interactions between Gracilaria and epiphytes; effect of water velocity and algal morphology on growth parameters of Gracilaria; ecology and biology of Porphyra linearis and Gelidium crinale; Adhesive proteins from Caulerpa prolifera.


Recent Grants Awarded

2002-2003       Mitigation of CO2  emmission from a power plant by cultured seaweed consumption.

2001-2004       Algal bioadhesive, European Community, 8 partners (coordinator).

2000-2001       Algal bioadhesive, Israel Ministerial of  Industry and Commerce.

2000-2002       Porphyra cultivation, Israel Ministerial of  Industry and Commerce.

1994-1998       Algal cultivation and their products, Israel Min. Ind. Commerce.

1995-1998       Gracilaria and its epiphytes, BARD.

1995-1998       Upscale of Gracilaria cultivation, Yad-Hanadiv funding.

1995-1998       Fish as bio-controllers of Gracilaria cultivation, AID-CDR.

1991-1994       Gracilaria strain selection for agar yield and quality, BARD.


Major interests

Seaweed cultivation technology and development of seaweed products.

Biofuel production from seaweeds.



A letter to my colleagues


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